The Southern Line: Bangkok - Surat Thani

The Southern Line: Bangkok - Surat Thani

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In this trip

The entrance hall of a a train station in Thailand

Hua Lumphong Station

Welcome to Hua Lumphong Station - the beginning or end of all great Thai rail journeys.

A tangle of many wires hanging on a pole in Bangkok

A messy city: Cables, canals, and tight squeezes

Bangkok can seem like a messy city. Tangles of cables, tight squeezes, and dirty canals.

The front facade of Dusit Palace - a European styled palace in Bangkok

Dusit Palace (Wang Dusit)

Bangkok is a not-so-ancient seat of the Thai Royal court, and you may be passing a surprising and important palace.

The platform of Bang Sue Junction

Bang Sue Junction

Its not a thrilling sight, but Bang Sue junction is about to become rather important place for Thai rail travel, and its an interesting case study on how Thai's like to build things.

To sets of railway tracks converging

North-South Line Junction

The train lines diverge between North and South here. The Northern and Eastern Lines go up to Ayutthaya before separating. The Southern and Western (the infamous "Death Railway") head West to Nakhon Pathom before separating. Singapore is a couple of days reach of here by rail for the price of a cheap hotel room, or there's a luxury option taking 3 days.

A turbulent river with Thai riverboats and hotel buildings on its banks

The Chao Phraya River

Chao Phraya translates to "the Chief", such is the importance of this River to the Thai nation.

A view of an overpass from a train station parallel to it

Tailing Chan Station, and the BTS

Tailing Chan is where the Thonburi branch merges, is a new BTS hub, and a sight of a nasty train crash!

A man standing by some tuk tuks on the streets of Bangkok at dusk

The City of Bangkok

Bangkok is a force. Its the centre of the Thai universe, and is the sort of city that takes a lifetime to really know. Unfortunately, visitors walk into and out of this rich and vibrant city with the wrong ideas.

A large bronze statue of the walking buddha with a line of buddhist monks in robes walking towards it

Salaya, and the Phutthamonton Park

For a small town, Salaya has plenty going on.

A beige mini-car in the Jesada Technik Museum

Jaseda Technik Museum

There's a strange little museum tucked away out here, but I think it deserves a mention.

A statue of Phra Rahu - a Thai buddhist deity

Thai Temple Complexes, and Wat Sisrathong

Buddhist Temples are everywhere in Thailand. There's a lot to learn about them. And this one in particular is quite peculiar.

A canal under trees

Canals and Bridges of Thailand

Thailand is a country of water, particularly in its floodplains. Canals and bridges have been a major engineering feat.

Nakhon Pathom, Pagoda, Pathomachedi, travel, thailand

Nakhon Pathom

Nakhon Pathom is a surprise. We really recommend you explore it - particularly the Pra Pathomachedi

Nong Pladuck, Death Railway, Thailand, travel

Nong Pladuck Junction – the start of the Death Railway

Nong Pladuck Junction is the crossroads where the Japanese began to lay tracks West.

Picture of the side of a boat on a pretty river at sunset

The River Kwai and the Mae Klong

You've likely never heard of the Mae Klong, but its name a bit upstream from here is the River Kwai.

A turbulent river with Thai riverboats and hotel buildings on its banks

Chao Phraya Floodplains

You're now in the floodplain of the Mae Klong, in the greater Chao Phraya floodplain, which is where most of Thailand lives.


Potharam isn't a big town, but its got an incredible cave temple full of bats, and a creepy doll museum.

A hand with whole rice husks in it

Rice in Thai Politics

With more than half of Thai voters involved in rice agriculture, rice is always central to Thailand's politics. For example, in 2011, an elaborate rice scheme initiated by a political party changed Thailand's politics fundamentally, and for the worse.

ratchaburi, travel, thailand


Rachaburi means City of the King, so named because it was the birthplace of King Rama the 1st: the founder of the Chakri Dynasty that still rules to this day.

Ku Bua, travel, thailand, ancient, city

Ancient City of Khu Bua

It won't look like it, but the Southern Line train actually passes THROUGH an ancient city.

malay, peninsular, travel, thailand

The Malay Peninsular

The Malay Peninsular is formed by the Tenasserim Hill system rising between the Indian and Pacific Oceans due to a collision between two of the world's biggest tectonic plates.

Tiered and browned rice paddies backed by a forests

Rice Production

You're likely to see a lot of rice paddy on the Southern Line, particularly in its northern reaches, so we best explain what you're seeing.

caves, thailand, travel

Caves in Thailand

You'll be passing hundreds of caves hidden along your journey on the Southern Line, and they're pretty incredible places.

phetchaburi, travel, thailand


Phetchaburi is an old Mon royal city dating back to the 8th Century, making it one of the oldest settlements in Thailand.

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Palm trees

In the Southern stretches of the Thai Southern Line, you will see many specimens of Arecaceae - the botanical family of perennial climbers we know as "palm trees" - they're rather incredible.

thailand, travel, story

Khao Nang Panthurat & Prince Sang

The most northerly karst mountain alongside the Thai Southern Line has an interesting story hidden inside.

travel, tourism, thailand, cha-am, resort, beach

Cha-Am and the Thai Beach Resort

The Thai resort town is a winning recipe. Cha-Am is the most northerly of Thailand's resort towns on the Southern Line.

palace, thailand, mrigadayavan, travel

Mrigadayavan Palace

Unfortunately you can't see Mrigadayavan Palace from the Thai Southern Line, but its worth a mention anyway.

hua hin, thailand, travel, airport

Hua Hin Airport

On the Thai Southern Line, you'll take a tunnel under the northern edge of the landing strip in Hua Hin airport.

hospital, thailand, medical, tourism

Medical Tourism in Thailand

There are so many quality hospitals throughout Thailand. The better hospitals are on par with some of the best hospitals the world over, and the industry is booming.

klai kangwon, palace, thailand, hua hin, travel

Klai Kangwon Palace & Rama IX

Although you won't be able to see Klai Kangwon Palace from the Thai Southern Line, it is very nearby. It was the summer residence of a man who's face you might recognise.

Hua Hin, thailand, travel

Hua Hin

Hua Hin is a playground of Bangkok's elite.

Rajabhakti, thailand, corruption, kings, travel

Rajabhakti Park

Rajabhakti Park was built by the Royal Thai Army in honour of the past and current Kings of Thailand in 2015, but with some controversy.

Thailand, village, life, rural, travel

Thai Village Life

As we travel through Thai villages, lets talk a bit about Thai village life, and how it compares with what tourists see.

Khao Sam Roi Yod, National Park, nature, travel, thailand

Khao Sam Roi Yot National Park

The hills in the distance to the East of the Thai Southern Line you can see the karst hills of Thailand's first marine national park.

gulf, thailand, travel, geography

The Gulf of Thailand

The Gulf of Thailand was once the edge of Europe's known world. It is an interesting body of water.

Japan, Imperial, Army, Invasion, thailand, history, travel

Japan’s Invasion of Prachuap Khiri Khan

Did Thailand partner with or capitulate to Japan in WWII? The Prachuap Khiri Khan airfield was definitely invaded.

Hatwanakorn, national park, thailand, travel

Hatwanakorn National Park

Hatwanakorn is the newest National Park in Thailand. If you're looking for a pristine Thai beach, this is it.

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The Karen

The hills inland along a large stretch of the Thai Southern Line are the land of the Karen - an ancient, stateless nation.

karst, mountains, thailand, travel

Karst Mountains

The dramatic little mountains you see more an more of as you head South on the Thai Southern Line are called 'karst', and they're pretty weird.

beach, perfect, thailand, travel

The Recipe for the Perfect Beach

There are so many nice beaches alongside the Thai Southern Line. So what makes for a nice, sandy, crescent-shaped beach in Thailand?

oil, palm, thailand, travel

Oil Palm

We need to talk about the African Oil Palm - you will see a lot of it from towards the Southern side of the Thai Southern Line, and all the way down to Singapore.

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The standing buddha, and other variations

Travelling through the countryside, you'll see a lot of variants of buddha statues. They all have meaning.

Chumphon thailand travel


Chumphon is a Jumpoff point for people going to the Islands of Koh Tao, Phangan, and Samui.

Isthmus of kra travel thailand

The Isthmus of Kra

Thais have been thinking about building a canal across the narrowest point of the Malay Peninsular for years, but it has always only been an okay idea.

Lang Suan thailand travel

Lang Suan

"Lang Suan, city of fruits, paddle boat race, source of durian, royal garden"... oh, and toilets.

Thailand islam travel

An Intro to Islam in Thailand

As we head South on the Thai Southern Line, we head more and more into the Islamic World. Thailand's relationship with Islam is an interesting one.

Chaiya ruins thailand travel

Ancient Chaiya

Blink and you'll miss Chaiya. But there seems to be a lot of history buried beneath.

rubber thailand travel


If you're seeing neat rows of trees on the Thai Southern Line, and its not oil palm, its probably rubber trees. They're amazing.

Ban Thung Pho Junction Kkhiri Rat Nikhom travel thailand

Ban Thung Pho Junction, and the Khiri Rat Nikhom branch

Ban Thung Pho Junction is the point the southern line has a small branch down to Khiri Rat Nikhom.

Surat Thani Thailand Travel

Surat Thani

"City of 100 islands, delicious rambutan, big shells and red eggs, centre of Buddhism" - Surat Thani. For now, its as far as we've travelled South.